Downsizing Movie

downsizing movie

“Downsizing,” a 2017 science fiction comedy-drama film directed by Alexander Payne, takes audiences on a captivating journey into a world where downsizing, both literally and metaphorically, becomes the solution to many of humanity’s problems. The film, starring Matt Damon, Kristen Wiig, and Christoph Waltz, explores themes of environmentalism, societal inequality, and the pursuit of a better life in a unique and thought-provoking manner.

Plot Summary:

The story begins with the introduction of a groundbreaking scientific discovery that allows humans to shrink to a height of five inches. This downsizing process is presented as a solution to overpopulation and environmental issues, as smaller individuals consume fewer resources. The protagonist, Paul Safranek (Matt Damon), and his wife Audrey (Kristen Wiig) are intrigued by this opportunity for a better life, free from financial burdens and societal pressures.

However, as the narrative unfolds, the downsizing process turns out to be more complex and challenging than Paul initially imagined. Audrey backs out at the last minute, leaving Paul to navigate this new miniature world alone. The film takes an unexpected turn as Paul grapples with the existential and ethical dilemmas associated with his decision to downsize.

Environmental Commentary:

At its core, “Downsizing” serves as a satirical commentary on environmental issues and the impact of human activity on the planet. The downsizing concept, presented as a solution to overpopulation and climate change, prompts viewers to reflect on the real-world consequences of unchecked human consumption. The film raises questions about the ethical implications of technological advancements and the potential unintended consequences of tampering with nature.

Societal Inequality:

The downsized community, portrayed as an idyllic paradise, quickly reveals its own set of challenges and inequalities. Despite the promise of a better life, a distinct divide emerges between the affluent elite and the struggling lower class within the downsized world. This mirrors the societal inequalities present in the macro world, highlighting that downsizing alone cannot solve the deep-rooted problems of human society.

Character Development:

Matt Damon’s portrayal of Paul Safranek allows viewers to connect with the character’s internal struggles and personal growth throughout the film. Paul’s journey becomes a metaphor for the human experience, emphasizing that true happiness and fulfillment come from within, irrespective of external circumstances. The film also introduces Ngoc Lan Tran (Hong Chau), a Vietnamese activist who provides a fresh perspective on the downsizing phenomenon and serves as a catalyst for change in Paul’s life.

Humor and Satire:

Despite its serious underlying themes, “Downsizing” incorporates humor and satire to make the narrative engaging and accessible. Christoph Waltz’s character, Dusan Mirkovic, adds a comedic touch to the story with his extravagant lifestyle and witty remarks. The film uses satire to critique societal norms and human behavior, inviting audiences to laugh while contemplating the deeper messages embedded in the narrative.

Visual Spectacle:

One of the film’s standout features is its visual presentation of the downsized world. The special effects and cinematography work seamlessly to create a visually stunning environment, showcasing the contrast between the macro and micro worlds. The meticulous attention to detail in designing the downsized community and its residents adds depth to the storytelling, enhancing the overall viewing experience.

Critical Reception:

“Downsizing” received mixed reviews from critics, with praise for its original concept, visual effects, and thought-provoking themes. However, some critics argued that the film’s ambitious scope led to a disjointed narrative, and the combination of comedy and drama did not always resonate with audiences. Despite the divided opinions, the film’s unique approach to tackling societal issues and its visual appeal have kept it in discussions among cinephiles.


Downsizing” is a cinematic exploration of big ideas within the framework of a small world. By blending science fiction, social commentary, and humor, Alexander Payne delivers a thought-provoking narrative that challenges audiences to consider the consequences of humanity’s actions on both a global and individual scale. The film’s ability to balance serious themes with moments of levity and its visually captivating depiction of a downsized world make it a memorable entry in the science fiction genre. While not without its flaws, “Downsizing” invites viewers to reflect on their own values and priorities, encouraging a deeper understanding of the complexities inherent in the pursuit of a better life.